Neurology is a science that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of the brain and nerves diseases. Early recognition and treatment of diseases is extremely important, since the brain and its neural connections, nerves, play a central role in the functioning of all organs of our body.
Modern scientific developments have necessitated the classification and evaluation of neurological diseases in various disciplines.
Among the most common neurological diseases:
- Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke)
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Parkinson’s disease
- Alzheimer’s disease and similar dementia
- Muscle diseases
- Sleep disturbances
Some devices are used in the diagnosis of neurological diseases and their indications are evaluated taking into account clinical features and a general examination of the patient at the same time.
The most common procedures performed using special devices:
- Cranial MRI
- Cranial CT Scan
- EMG (electromyography)
- EEG (electroencephalography)
- Doppler ultrasound
EEG and EMG – examinations conducted in the department of neurology.
EEG (electroencephalography) – a study of the electrical activity of the brain. The results of changes in this activity are displayed on a computer screen or paper tape in the form of graphs by which the doctor can determine the nature and nature of the disorders in the patient. Although it is mainly used in the diagnosis and monitoring of epilepsy, it is also used in the diagnosis of many different neurological diseases.
It is used in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases at the connection points of nerve fibers, muscles and spinal cord, and diseases that may interfere with signal transmission in nerve fibers for any reason. For example, it is used in the diagnosis and follow-up of the destruction of nerve fibers caused by diabetes, and in the diagnosis and follow-up of the wrist duct syndrome resulting in the compression of nerve fibers which are intensely numb in the hands at narrow points and loss of function. In addition to these diseases, EMG is used in the diagnosis of neurological diseases that affect more nerve fibers, muscles and spinal cord.
MS (Multiple Sclerosis)
The exact cause of this disease is not known. In short, it is a chronic disease caused by our immune system attacking and damaging against the sheaths surrounding the nerves in the brain and spinal cord. According to the nerve damaged by our immune system, it is most commonly seen with complaints such as loss of vision or blur in one eye, loss of strength or numbness on one side of the body. MS is the most common cause of disability in this age group after trauma, especially in North America. According to the new studies conducted in our country, the frequency is increasing. Since MS can be confused with a wide range of neurological diseases, early diagnosis and treatment is very important for preventing the development of disability at an early stage. At this stage, a neurologist experienced in MS should make the correct diagnosis and give the correct treatment and follow-up regularly in the light of current guidelines.
Our hospital stands out especially with its experienced staff, equipment and treatment units in MS. The examination, diagnosis and treatment of many other neurological diseases are carried out by using the latest technology laboratory methods.